Bloomfield, NJ is a growing, diverse Essex County hub off the Garden State Parkway. Bustling Bloomfield Avenue is the main shopping, dining, and entertainment district. Downtown Bloomfield is experiencing a revitalization with multifamily and mixed-use developments. Bloomfield’s 47,000+ residents represent all ages and family dynamics.
Bloomfield has eight elementary schools (including pre-K classes), a middle school (grades 7 and 8), and Bloomfield High School. Bridges Academy at Forest Glen serves special needs students in grades 7-12, and Bloomfield Tech High School offers occupational and academic instruction. There are also Saint Thomas the Apostle Parish School (K-8) and Bloomfield College, a liberal arts college located near the elegant town green.
Bloomfield started out as land granted to English Puritan colonists of Newark in the late 1600s. The town was eventually named after then-brigadier Joseph Bloomfield, commander of New Jersey troops in the Whiskey Rebellion (1791) and later, governor of New Jersey.
When Bloomfield was incorporated as a township in 1812, it covered 20.52 square miles and included several other municipalities. Today, Bloomfield is 5.3 square miles.
Farming existed in Brookdale while southern Bloomfield industrialized in the town’s first century. The famed Morris Canal passed through Bloomfield and a woolen mill was a major supplier to the Union Army during the Civil War.
In the early 20th century GE, Westinghouse, Schering and the Charms Candy Company built manufacturing facilities there. After World War I, Brookdale’s farms became residential neighborhoods and beautiful Brookdale Park, and Bloomfield’s population grew. However, after World War II, industry began shutting down and Bloomfield entered a period of decline and population turnover. It is now experiencing a boom as New Jersey residents re-discover everything it has to offer: affordable housing, safe neighborhoods, strong town services, and easy access to New York City and Newark-Liberty International Airport among them. There are three NJ Transit rail stations and a light rail line to Newark Penn Station.
Bloomfield offers home buyers a large selection of single-family homes and condominiums with prices ranging from the $100,000s for apartments to the mid-$400,000s for houses. There are also luxury loft apartments as well as multi-family homes available for buyers who are seeking investment property.
A community garden for township residents is located in Pulaski Park. The township is also home to Watsessing Park (which it shares with East Orange). Designed by Frederick Law Olmstead, its 69 acres offer athletic fields, walking trails, a bandstand, basketball courts, and a senior citizens building. Bloomfield’s active parks & recreation department offers sports and summer programs for children, hobby clubs, art and music programs, and programs for special needs students.